Europe is a continent between Asia, Africa, and the Americas. Located on a huge peninsula in the landmass of Eurasia in the Atlantic Ocean, its northern borders reach into the Arctic Ocean and it extends south to the Mediterranean Sea. It contains over 10% of the world's population who live in approximately 50 countries.
Europe is the birth-place of western civilisation. Its rich history has seen the rise and fall of ancient and recent empires including the Grecian, Roman, and British empires. The continent is literally covered in ancient monuments, structures, buildings and archaeological sites. The continent is also rich in diverse cultures, with many languages, and customs. The climate ranges from Sub-Arctic to Mediterranean with landscapes that include mountain ranges, plains, volcanic features, rivers, and an intricate coastline.
There is so much to do and see here that it would be hard for any one person so see it all. Outstanding attractions in Europe include beautiful cities brimming with history, architectural wonders, shopping, restaurants, and nightlife.
EU States and year of entry
Austria (1995), Belgium (1952), Bulgaria (2007), Croatia (2013), Cyprus (2004), Czech Republic (2004), Denmark (1973), Estonia (2004), Finland (1995), France (1952), Germany (1952), Greece (1981), Hungary (2004), Ireland (1973), Italy (1952), Latvia (2004), Lithuania (2004), Luxembourg (1952), Malta (2004), Netherlands (1952), Poland (2004), Portugal (1986), Romania (2007), Slovakia (2004), Slovenia (2004), Spain (1986), Sweden (1995).
Non-EU countries in Europe
Albania, Andorra, Belarus, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Faroe Islands, Gibraltar, Guerney and Alderney, Iceland,
Jersey, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Isle of Man, Moldova, Monaco, Norway, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Serbia & Montenegro (Yugoslavia), Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, , United Kingdom, Vatican City State.
Top 10 cities
Outstanding cities include:
London England: One of the world's great cities. Built around the River Thames, attractions are too many to mention. Must see sites include: Tower of London, Buckingham Palace, the National Gallery, and the Tate Modern.
Paris France: Perhaps the most beautiful of all cities in Europe. A city of stunning architecture with great cafes and bistros. Must see sites include: the Louvre, Notre Dame, and the Eiffel Tower.
Amsterdam Netherlands: Famous for its Reg light District, but the city has so much more. Includes: the canal system, Anne Frank House, the Rijksmuseum, and the floating flower market.
Berlin Germany: Amazing history with significant historical sites such as the Berlin Wall, Checkpoint Charlie, Brandenburg Gate, and Potsdamer Platz.
Vienna Austria: A UNESCO World Heritage listed city centre, great coffee houses, and sites such as Schonbrunn Palace, Imperial Palace, the State Opera House.
Venice Italy: A city of stunning architecture and canals. Must see sites include: St. Stephen's Cathedral, Museum of Fine Arts, and Schloss Schönbrunn palace.
Rome Italy: Once the centre of the mighty Roman Empire, the evidence of this past is everywhere. Sites that shouldn't be missed include: the Vatican, La Dolce Vita, and the Colosseum.
Barcelona Spain: This Spanish city is an architectural wonder with stunning buildings from the likes of Gaudi. Must see sites include: La Sagrada Familia, Picasso Museum, and the Spanish Village.
Athens Greece: A historic city brimming with ancient architecture connected by a modern infrastructure. Must see sites include: the Acropolis, the Temple of Olympian Zeus, and the National Archaeological Museum.
Moscow Russia. This city has both historic and modern attractions. Even the metro is an attraction with ornate designs like no other. Must see places include: Red Square, the Kremlin, and the nine domes of St Basil's Cathedral.
Top 10 areas
The spectacular European Alps span a number of countries including Switzerland, Austria, France, and Italy. This is the place for skiing, mountaineering, or just exploring mountain villages and stunning landscapes;
Plitvice National Park in Croatia is one of the most scenic sights in all of Europe. It is an interlocked system of lakes, rivers, and waterfalls surrounded by pristine forest;
The Greek Islands offer white sand beaches and white-washed homes overlooking an azure coloured sea;
The Italian Riviera is sublime. Set in a national park, a number of beautiful villages are connected by a walkway over hills and around a scenic coastline;
Iceland is a small island nation in the Arctic. Famous for its scenery and volcanic attractions, it is a destination like no other.
The fiords of Norway are one of the scenic wonders of the world. The sea flows like rivers deep inland where mountains rise up hundreds of feet either side and waterfalls empty melted snow from mountain peaks into the sea;
Tuscany is a region in Italy that has amazing architecture, a rich culture, the city of Florence, and a number of nature reserves.
The Amalfi Coast is another Italian gem. A UNESCO World Heritage Cultural Site, this coastline is beautiful with ancient villages that cling to cliffs with views to die for.
Verdon Gorge, is France's Grand Canyon. Not as big, but absolutely beautiful and an amazing sight to behold. At 700 metre (2300 ft) deep and 25 kms (16 mi) long, its river has turquoise-green coloured water.
Stonehenge, a Neolithic Bronze Age site in England made from huge stones. It is one of the most important historic sites in the world.