Argentina is a country of great diversity. It spans a wide range of latitudes in the Southern Hemisphere so it is subject to a variety of climates and temperatures. The highest temperature recorded was 47.3 °C (117.1 °F) and the lowest −40 °C (−40 °F).
In the north down to the centre of the country the climate is hot with sub-tropical forests in the east and arid areas in the west toward the Andes. As you head south it gets cooler, and can get very cold during winter in Patagonia, the southern most part of the South American continent.
Main geographical features include the Andes– the second highest mountain range on earth; Patagonia – the southern section of the Andes mountains; Gran Chaco – a vast hot and semi-arid lowland plain; Mesopotamia – contains subtropical rain forest and several large rivers including Iguazu; The Pampas – an area of extensive grasslands or steppe; Iberá – an area of extensive swampland that includes a large array of birds and butterflies; and Los Lagos Region – includes high mountains in the Andes with many scenic glacial lakes.
Top 10 places to visit
Buenos Aires is the big city of Argentina. Dubbed the Paris of South America, the city is famous for its fine European architecture, restaurants, and tango.
Mar del Plata was once a place for Argentina’s aristocracy. Today it is a top beach resort with sandy beaches and a lively atmosphere.
Iguazu Falls is one of the world's natural wonders. Sharing a border with Brazil, the Iguazu River falls down a plateau creating over 275 separate falls.
Los Glaciares is a beautiful national park that features a large ice cap with majestic mountains and of course large glaciers.
Bariloche is the Switzerland of Argentina. This town may be pretty, but it is also the gateway to pristine lakes, lofty mountains, and extensive forests that surround the town.
Ushuaia is the southern most city on Earth. It is beautiful, isolated, cold, and the departure point for Antarctic cruises.
Cordoba is the second largest city in Argentina. Consisting of old colonial buildings and palaces, it is also surrounded by mountain peaks and valleys.
Mendoza is the largest wine producing area in South America. If that wasn't enough, it is also the gateway to Aconcagua, the highest mountain on the continent.
Monte Fitz Roy is mountain with protruding mountain peaks that look otherworldly. It is a photographers dream and the panorama it creates is a sight you will never forget.
Beagle Channel is a strait in the beautiful Tierra del Fuego Archipelago in the southern tip of the South American continent.